As the world’s conventional energy sources are depleting hastily, renewable energy sources are being established and used such as wind energy, tidal energy, biomass energy, and solar energy. Of them solar energy has proved to be one of the most powerful energy sources. Solar energy is clean, inexhaustible, cheap source of energy and has energy potentials to serve a lot of power needs of the people. It can supply energy to small states and countries and an attempt is being made to convert Tokelau as the world’s first solar powered nation. The construction of third major solar panel array is almost on the brink of being completed and as soon as it gets, the tiny country will be a solar powered nation. There are about 1,711 residents living in Tokelau and once the project shall be activated it would help to serve the power needs of more than ninety percent population.
Tokelau is a small country having its location in the northeast of New Zealand and comprises of three atolls where one could only reach by boat. Presently, the power needs which are very small are being met with the generators by burning diesel fuel in them. For this reason a lot of diesel barrels, about 2000 have to be transported to the nation and this costs huge money which is a great burden on the nation’s population.
With the help of these three big solar arrays, about 1 megawatt power could be generated which would be enough to meet the modest energy demands of Tokelau. These arrays are designed in such a manner that they are easily able to withstand the humid climate and windy tropical environment of the nation and also capable of producing a surplus amount of power and could be expanded easily without any problems.
The director of Powersmart Company which built this Project stated that this has a lifetime of about 20 long years and would repay the costs within five years. The total cost of the project is about 9 million New Zealand dollars. Once this project would be switched on people in Tokelau would use fossil fuel only to run cars. Hopefully, soon other countries would follow the same.